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Tiachiv district

Bedevlia | Bilovartsi | Bobove | Bushtyno | Chumaleve | Dibrova | Dobrians´ke | Dubove | Dubrivke | Dulove | Fontyniasy | Hanychi | Hlybokyi Potik | Hlynianyi | Hrunyky | Hrusheve | Kalyny | Kolodne | Komsomol´s´k | Krasna | Krychove | Kryva | Lazy | Lopukhiv | Mala Uhol´ka | Neresnytsia | Novobarove | Novoselytsia | Okruhla | Peschera | Petrushiv | Pidplesha | Podishor | Pryhid´ | Rakove | Rivne | Rososh | Runia | Rus´ka Mokra | Rus´ke Pole | Sasove | Shyrokyi Luh | Solone | Solotvyno | Tarasivka | Tereblia | Teresva | Ternove | Tiachiv | Tiachivka | Topchyne | Tysolove | Uhlia | Ust´-Chorna | Velyka Uhol´ka | Verkhnii Dubovets´ | Vil´khivchyk | Vil´khivtsi | Vil´khivtsi-Lazy | Vonihove | Vyshovatyi

Territory: 1,8 ths. km2

Population: 172,5 ths. people

Population density: 95,9 people per 1 km2

Towns: 1.

Urban villages: 5

Rural villages: 56

As an administrative unit Tyachiv district was established in 1946. It is situated in the south-eastern part of Zakarpattia region and it borders on Romania, Ivano-Frankivsk region and also on Khust, Mizhgiria and Rakhiv districts. Tyachiv is located in Khust trench on the right side of the river Tysa. Early remains of the first settlements prove that the territory of modern town was populated even at the beginning of I-II century A.D. and Rome coins which were found there belong to the II century A.D. The town was founded in the XIII century and since 1329 it had been referred to so-called royal towns. The representatives of 27 nationalities live on the territory of Tyachiv district. Among them there are 78,5% Ukrainians the rest  are Romanians, Hungarians and others.

The district is rich in mineral and geothermal resources. More than 30 mineral springs in Tyachiv district contain about 20 microelements vitally important for the health of a human being. Highland springs in Ust-Chorna urban village and in such villages as Ruska Mokra, Velyka Ugolka and Tarasivka are especially rich in metals. There are some springs which contains fluorine (Dobrianske and Novoselytsia villages) and iodine (Velyka Ugolka, Ruska Mokra) which are scarce for Transcarpathians. Mineral springs in Tyachiv district are rich in silicic acid. This land is the real pharmacy for prophylaxis and treating diseases.

It the village of Velyka Ugolka there is a closed well of mineral water and the village Tereblia has the well of geothermal water with high concentration of cooking saltin it. An important place in natural treasures of Tiachiv region takes the marble, the resources of which constitutes about 800 thousands of cubic meters. In the village of Novoselytsia there are mines of rose marble. Marble quarries have been found in the villages Krychevo, Uglia, Vilkhivs’ki Lazy, Ganyshi. In Ganyshi large deposits of liparite travertine have been reveled and in the neighborhood of the village Novoselytsia there are deposits of the limestone over 3 million tons. Solotvyno deposit contains 700 millions tons of salt. It has been extracted here since the Bronze Age. Furthermore, it was the salt resources which contributed to setting good relationships with Roman Empire, and the Roman coins found in old mines are hard proof of that.

Mountains occupy the greatest part of the territory of the district and the highest peak in Tyachiv district is Bratkivska Mountain which height is of 1788m. Tysa, Tereblia and Teresva rivers play the great part in the relief forming. The dammed Tereblyanski and man-made Solotvynski lakes are also situated in Tyachiv district. Furthermore, there are a lot of high mountains and mountain ranges there (Stranzhul, Gropa, Hungarian and Legion pass). Ust-Chorna lowland is situated between mountain peaks. The territory of Tyachiv district also contains Shyrokoluzhansky and Ugolsky massives of the Carpathian reserve and a part of the National Park “Synevyr”. The park of XVIII century is situated in Bushtyno urban village.

Solotvyno urban village (previous names are Slatyna, Aknaslatyna, Moramorske Solotvyno, Slatynski Dolyny) is famous for its Solotvyno regional and Ukrainian allergological hospitals, the deepest in the world speleotherapeutic clinics where unique microclimate of salt mines have being used for treatment of bronchial asthma and other non-specific diseases of respiratory tract for more than two years. The very process of treatment is held in the underground sections at the depth up to 300 m which are located in the thickness of salt massif and in karstic caves of Solotvyno salt mines. The Kunigund Lake is not far from Solotvyno and it is an analogue to the famous Israeli Dead Sea. The density of water is so high that it is impossible to drow there. Tyachiv district is known for its historic and architectural sights.

In particular, on the territory of the village Rus’ke Pole the site of ancient settlement Kapuna (VI-IV centuries B.C.), Karpats’ki kurgany (IV-III centuries B.C.. II century A.D.) and the oak of over 400 years old have been revealed. In the villages Bilovartsi and in the town of Tiachiv there are the rests of the settlements of Kushtanovytska culture (VI-IV centuries B.C.). Settlements of the ancient epochs: of early Paleolithic (50 thousand years ago) was revealed in the village Dibrova, of late Paleolithic (30 thousand year ago) – in the village Velyka Ugol’ka and the ancient site of the early iron age (IX-VI centuries B.C.) in the village Solotvyno etc.    

Holidays and culture-artistic festivals facilitating the formation of the travel product, such as holiday “Seeing-off to the mountain meadow” (urban village Dubove), international festival of the cultures of the national minorities “Melodies of the salt lakes” (urban village Solotvyno), festival “Mertsyshor” etc. are held in the district every year. The holiday “Spring meadow procession” in the urban village Dubove could be of great interest for the tourists. The tourists visit a private folk museum “Sribna Zemlia” (Silver Land) in the village Hrushovo where there are the collections of valuable exhibits of Tiachiv, Rakhiv and Khust districts as well as the museum “The history of the salt mines” in the urban village Solotvyno.




( 2015.04.06.)


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